Hafez al-Assad and his son, President Bashar al-Assad, belong to the Alawite sect. Alawites are divided into two main groups: traditional Alawites, who form the majority, and the minority Murshid Alawites (which rose from a modern schism in the Alawite sect at the beginning of the 20th century).
What religion is the Assad family?
The family religion of al-Assad is Shia Islam, more specifically the Alawite sect.
What religion is Syrian President?
The religion of the President of the Republic is Islam; Islamic jurisprudence shall be a major source of legislation; The State shall respect all religions, and ensure the freedom to perform all the rituals that do not prejudice public order; The personal status of religious communities shall be protected and respected …
What is Alawites religion?
Alawi Muslims practice an esoteric form of Shi’a Islam. This complex faith includes an emphasis on a trinity (Muhammad, his nephew and eventual successor Ali, and Salman al-Farisi, an early Persian convert to Islam), a belief in reincarnation, and the celebration of a “mass” involving wine and bread.
What is the difference between Shia and Alawite?
Alawites identify as Shiite Muslims, but the sect carried over older beliefs that predate Islam. For instance, Alawites celebrate some Christian and Zoroastrian holidays. … They believe in the divinity of Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; other Shiites revere Ali but do not believe he was divine.
Who was Bashar Al Assad father?
Alcohol in Syria is not banned as it is in some Muslim countries. Nor is it reserved for the upper class elite or religious minorities. … Syria, Lebanon and Iraq have long produced their own alcoholic beverages, from beer to wine to the anise-based arak.
Who is Assad in Syria?
Bashar Hafez al-Assad (born 11 September 1965) is a Syrian politician who is the 19th president of Syria, since 17 July 2000. In addition, he is the commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces and the Secretary-General of the Central Command of the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party.
Can Shias go to Mecca?
Yes. Mecca is for all Muslims without any distinction of sects. Since Shia are Muslims just like Sunnis, so they can enter Mecca and perform pilgrimage .
What is Shahada Islam?
shahādah, (Arabic: “testimony”) the Muslim profession of faith: “There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Prophet of God.” The shahādah is the first of the five Pillars of Islam (arkān al-Islām).
Is Turkey Shia or Sunni?
Most Muslims in Turkey are Sunnis forming about 80.5%, and Shia-Aleviler (Alevis, Ja’faris, Alawites) denominations in total form about 16.5% of the Muslim population. Among Shia Muslim presence in Turkey there is a small but considerable minority of Muslims with Ismaili heritage and affiliation.
Can Shias drink alcohol?
Alawite theology and rituals break from mainstream Shia Islam in several important ways. For one, the Alawites drink wine as Ali’s transubstantiated essence in their rituals; while other Muslims abstain from alcohol, Alawites are encouraged to drink socially in moderation.
How did Shia come to India?
Shia Islam was brought to the Indian subcontinent during the final years of the Rashidun Caliphate. The Indian subcontinent also served as a refuge for some Shias escaping persecution from Umayyads, Abbasids, Ayyubis and Ottomans. … However, the earliest major political influence was that of the Shia dynasties in Deccan.
Who are Alvi in Islam?
Alevi is the term used for a large number of heterodox Muslim Shi’a communities with different characteristics. Thus, Alevis constitute the largest religious minority in Turkey. … Linguistically, they consist of four groups: Azerbaijani Turkish, Arabic, Turkish and Kurdish (both Kormanje and Zaza).